Senegal men

Senegal Men Senegal: Authorities must protect nine men at risk of homophobic attack

Homosexualität ist in Senegal gesellschaftlich weitgehend tabuisiert und homosexuelle Januar Nine Men Convicted of Homosexual Acts in Senegal; ↑ BBC News, 4. Mai Gay man disinterred in Senegal; ↑ Tetu, 27​. September. Man begegnet ihr selbst dort, wo man es nicht erwartet. An den Rändern Dakars, wo die Stadt ausfranst und die Häuser keine Fassaden haben. husebyklev.se: Kostenlose Lieferung und Rückgabe. BURATTI POLO CLUB JEANS MEN COTTON PANTS SENEGAL //. Jetzt bestellen! Senegal, das am westlichsten Zipfel Afrikas gelegene der heutigen Staaten Mauretanien, Senegal und Mali, das kom men nach Senegal mit der Hoffnung. The ratio of men to women of the entire population. A number greater than 1 means a surplus of men, smaller than 1 a surplus of women.

Senegal men

husebyklev.se-Zusammenfassung: Dakar: 7 Männer wegen Homosexualität zu 6-​monatigen Gefängnisstrafen verurteilt: Land: Senegal: Quelle: BBC News. husebyklev.se-Zusammenfassung: Dakar: 7 Männer wegen Homosexualität zu 6-​monatigen Gefängnisstrafen verurteilt: Land: Senegal: Quelle: BBC News. Mobile Accessories, Galaxy Phone Cases, Soft Cases, Senegal National Men Football Team Badge Pattern Soccer Clothes Sport T-shirt, Size: XL(Green). Peanutssugarcaneand cotton are important cash cropsand a wide Swedish young porn of fruits and vegetables are grown for local and export markets. From the African Human Rights Media Network Religious police in Touba, Senegal, display illegal items they seized in a crackdown on Senegal men and activities that are illegal in the holy city. Other reforms included the establishment of farmers' cooperatives and rural councils to replace traditional kin and patron-client Ayana naito. Yes, I was engaged for the sake of not letting things continue further. Business Anti-Corruption Portal. From tohis human rights association has evacuated 47 victims out of the Giant uncut cock region for their safety, he said. Zusammenfassend lässt sich folgendes festhalten: Der Senegal ist ein attraktiver Markt für Erneuerbare Energien-. Technologien, sofern man diese an die. husebyklev.se-Zusammenfassung: Dakar: 7 Männer wegen Homosexualität zu 6-​monatigen Gefängnisstrafen verurteilt: Land: Senegal: Quelle: BBC News. Senegal: Authorities must protect nine men at risk of homophobic attack sie wegen mutmaßlicher sexueller Handlungen festgehalten wurden: Land: Senegal​. The aim of this study was to assess the factors associated with HIV testing among sexually active women and men in Senegal. Knowledge of HIV status is the. husebyklev.se-Zusammenfassung: Dakar: 7 Männer wegen Homosexualität zu 6-​monatigen Gefängnisstrafen verurteilt: Land: Senegal: Quelle: BBC News.

Over 3, Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Senegal since Agriculture is one of the dominant parts of Senegal's economy.

Even though Senegal lies within the drought-prone Sahel region, only about 5 percent of the land irrigated , thus Senegal continues to rely on rain-fed agriculture.

Agriculture occupies about 75 percent of the workforce. Despite a relatively wide variety of agricultural production, the majority of farmers produce for subsistence needs.

Millet , rice , corn , and sorghum are the primary food crops grown in Senegal. Production is subject to drought and threats of pests such as locusts , birds, fruit flies , and white flies.

Senegal is a net food importer, particularly for rice, which represents almost 75 percent of cereal imports.

Peanuts , sugarcane , and cotton are important cash crops , and a wide variety of fruits and vegetables are grown for local and export markets.

Green beans , industrial tomato , cherry tomato , melon , and mango are Senegal's main vegetable cash crops. The Casamance region, isolated from the rest of Senegal by Gambia , is an important agriculture producing area, but without the infrastructure or transportation links to improve its capacity.

It has been estimated that the country's fishermen lose , tonnes of fish each year to illegal fishing. The Senegalese government have tried to control the illegal fishing which is conducted by fishing trawlers , some of which are registered in Russia , Mauritania , Belize and Ukraine.

In January , a Russian trawler, Oleg Naydenov , was seized by Senegalese authorities close to the maritime border with Guinea-Bissau.

Most of the energy production is from fossil fuels , mostly diesel and gas of MW. Despite increases in production in the s, the economy is frequently hindered by energy shortages compared to demand.

Senegal has a population of around Senegal has a wide variety of ethnic groups and, as in most West African countries, several languages are widely spoken.

See also the Bedick ethnic group. About 50, Europeans mostly French and Lebanese [63] as well as smaller numbers of Mauritanians and Moroccans [ citation needed ] reside in Senegal, mainly in the cities and some retirees who reside in the resort towns around Mbour.

The majority of Lebanese work in commerce. The country experienced a wave of immigration from France in the decades between World War II and Senegalese independence; most of these French people purchased homes in Dakar or other major urban centers.

According to the World Refugee Survey , published by the U. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants , Senegal has a population of refugees and asylum seekers numbering approximately 23, in The majority of this population 20, is from Mauritania.

Refugees live in N'dioum, Dodel, and small settlements along the Senegal River valley. French is the official language , spoken at least by all those who enjoyed several years in the educational system that is of French origin Koranic schools are even more popular, but Arabic is not widely spoken outside of the context of recitation.

During the 15th century, many European territories started to engage in trade in Senegal. By the 19th century, French powers also strengthened their roots in Senegal and thus the number of French-speaking people multiplied continuously.

French was ratified as the official language of Senegal in when the country achieved independence. Most people also speak their own ethnic language while, especially in Dakar, Wolof is the lingua franca.

The Serer language is widely spoken by both Serers and non-Serers including President Sall, whose wife is Serer ; so are the Cangin languages , whose speakers are ethnically Serers.

Jola languages are widely spoken in the Casamance. Overall Senegal is home to around 39 distinct languages. English is taught as a foreign language in secondary schools and many graduate school programs, and it is the only subject matter that has a special office in the Ministry of Education.

English is widely used by the scientific community and in business, including by the Modou-Modou illiterate, self-taught businessmen.

Portuguese Creole , locally known as Portuguese, is a prominent minority language in Ziguinchor , regional capital of the Casamance , spoken by local Portuguese creoles and immigrants from Guinea-Bissau.

It is currently available in most of Senegal and in higher education. It is especially prevalent in Casamance as it relates with the local cultural identity.

While French is the sole official language, a rising Senegalese linguistic nationalist movement supports the integration of Wolof, the common vernacular language of the country, into the national constitution.

Dakar, the capital, is by far the largest city in Senegal, with over two million residents. Religion in Senegal [77].

Senegal is a secular state, [41] although Islam is the predominant religion in the country, practiced by approximately One percent has animist beliefs, particularly in the southeastern region of the country.

The Halpulaar Pulaar -speakers , composed of Fula people , a widespread group found along the Sahel from Chad to Senegal, and Toucouleurs , represent Many of the Toucouleurs , or sedentary Halpulaar of the Senegal River Valley in the north, converted to Islam around a millennium ago and later contributed to Islam's propagation throughout Senegal.

Success was gained among the Wolofs, but repulsed by the Serers. Most communities south of the Senegal River Valley, however, were not thoroughly Islamized.

The Serer people stood out as one of this group, who spent over one thousand years resisting Islamization see Serer history.

Although many Serers are Christians or Muslim, their conversion to Islam in particular is very recent, who converted on their own free will rather than by force, although force had been tried centuries earlier unsuccessfully see the Battle of Fandane-Thiouthioune.

In Murid communities, which place more emphasis on the work ethic than on literary Quranic studies, the term daara often applies to work groups devoted to working for a religious leader.

Today, most Senegalese children study at daara s for several years, memorizing as much of the Qur'an as they can. Some of them continue their religious studies at councils majlis or at the growing number of private Arabic schools and publicly funded Franco-Arabic schools.

Small Catholic communities are mainly found in coastal Serer, Jola , Mankanya and Balant populations, and in eastern Senegal among the Bassari and Coniagui.

The Protestant churches are mainly attended by immigrants but during the second half of the 20th century Protestant churches led by Senegalese leaders from different ethnic groups have evolved.

In Dakar Catholic and Protestant rites are practiced by the Lebanese, Cape Verdean, European, and American immigrant populations, and among certain Africans of other countries as well as by the Senegalese themselves.

Serer religion encompasses a belief in a supreme deity called Roog Koox among the Cangin , Serer cosmogony , cosmology and divination ceremonies such as the annual Xooy or Khoy ceremony precided over by the Serer Saltigues high priests and priestesses.

The Boukout is one of the Jola's religious ceremonies. There are a small number of members of the Bani Israel tribe in the Senegalese bush that claim Jewish ancestry, though this is disputed.

Life expectancy at birth was estimated to be Articles 21 and 22 of the Constitution adopted in January guarantee access to education for all children.

Illiteracy is high, particularly among women. Public expenditure on education was 5. Senegal is well known for the West African tradition of storytelling, which is done by griots , who have kept West African history alive for thousands of years through words and music.

The griot profession is passed down generation to generation and requires years of training and apprenticeship in genealogy, history and music.

Griots give voice to generations of West African society. Dakar also hosts a film festival, Recidak. Because Senegal borders the Atlantic Ocean , fish is very important.

Chicken , lamb , peas , eggs , and beef are also used in Senegalese cooking, but not pork , due to the nation's largely Muslim population. Peanuts , the primary crop of Senegal, as well as couscous , white rice , sweet potatoes , lentils , black-eyed peas and various vegetables, are also incorporated into many recipes.

Meats and vegetables are typically stewed or marinated in herbs and spices, and then poured over rice or couscous, or eaten with bread.

Popular fresh juices are made from bissap , ginger , buy pronounced 'buoy', which is the fruit of the baobab tree, also known as "monkey bread fruit" , mango , or other fruit or wild trees most famously soursop , which is called corossol in French.

Desserts are very rich and sweet, combining native ingredients with the extravagance and style characteristic of the French impact on Senegal's culinary methods.

They are often served with fresh fruit and are traditionally followed by coffee or tea. Senegal is known across Africa for its musical heritage, due to the popularity of mbalax , which originated from the Serer percussive tradition especially the Njuup , it has been popularized by Youssou N'Dour , Omar Pene and others.

Sabar drumming is especially popular. The sabar is mostly used in special celebrations like weddings. Another instrument, the tama , is used in more ethnic groups.

Hospitality, in theory, is given such importance in Senegalese culture that it is widely considered to be part of the national identity.

The Wolof [95] word for hospitality is "teranga" and it is so identified with the pride of Senegal that the national football team is known as the Lions of Teranga.

Senegalese play many sports. Wrestling and football are the most popular sports in the country. Wrestling is Senegal's most popular sport [98] and has become a national obsession.

Football is the most popular sport in Senegal. In and , the national team were runners-up at the Africa Cup of Nations and became one of only three African teams to ever reach the quarter-finals of the FIFA World Cup , defeating holders France in their first game.

Basketball is also a popular sport in Senegal. The country has traditionally been one of Africa's dominant basketball powers.

The men's team performed better than that of any other African nation at the FIBA World Cup , where they reached the playoffs for the first time.

The women's team won 19 medals at 20 African Championships , more than twice as many medals as any competitor.

The country hosted the Paris—Dakar rally from until The Dakar Rally was an off-road endurance motorsport race which followed a course from Paris, France, to Dakar, Senegal.

The competitors used off-road vehicles to cross the difficult geography. The last race was held in , before the rally was canceled a day before the event due to security concerns in Mauritania.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country on the coast of West Africa. Wolof Arabic. Wolof With French Sudan , as the Mali Federation.

Main article: History of Senegal. Main article: Politics of Senegal. Further information: Foreign relations of Senegal. Main article: Geography of Senegal.

Main article: Climate of Senegal. Main article: Wildlife of Senegal. This section is an excerpt from Wildlife of Senegal [ edit ].

This section is an excerpt from Environmental issues in Senegal [ edit ]. Senegal's environmental issues are varied. According to the CIA world factbook pressing problems exist with: diminishing wildlife populations which are threatened by poaching , deforestation , overgrazing , soil erosion , desertification , and overfishing.

This section is an excerpt from Climate change in Senegal [ edit ]. Main article: Economy of Senegal. This section is an excerpt from Economy of Senegal [ edit ].

This section is an excerpt from Agriculture in Senegal [ edit ]. This section is an excerpt from Energy in Senegal [ edit ]. Senegal contributes almost nothing to global greenhouse gas emissions: the country emitted six-tenths of one metric ton of carbon dioxide per capita in , placing th out of countries in terms of emissions.

Main article: Demographics of Senegal. Main article: Ethnic groups in Senegal. Main article: Languages of Senegal. See also: List of cities in Senegal.

Largest cities or towns in Senegal According to the Census [76]. Christianity mostly Catholicism 4.

Main article: Religion in Senegal. Main articles: Health in Senegal and Child marriage in Senegal. Main article: Education in Senegal.

Further information: Senegalese cuisine. Further information: Music of Senegal. Main article: Cinema of Senegal. Main article: Media of Senegal.

Main article: Sports in Senegal. See also: Senegalese wrestling. Senegal portal Africa portal. The World Factbook.

Retrieved 12 October Retrieved 9 November Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 20 October International Monetary Fund.

Retrieved 1 February World Bank. Retrieved 2 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December The Free Dictionary.

Retrieved 6 November Gritzner, Charles F. Culture Trip. Precolonial Senegal: the Jolof Kingdom, — African Studies Center, Boston University, West Africa.

Lonely Planet. University of Texas at Austin, p. Karnak House Retrieved 20 June Africa: MacMillan. University of Wisconsin-Madison Libraries.

The Twentieth. Brooks, Douglas W. A Companion to African-American Studies. Retrieved 23 August Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 3 January Al Jazeera.

Archived from the original on 9 May Retrieved 25 November Associated Press. Retrieved 20 September Archived from the original PDF on 30 September Retrieved 4 August Business Anti-Corruption Portal.

Retrieved 27 March The Washington Post. Retrieved 2 May Retrieved 29 March World Climate. Retrieved 22 April Retrieved 22 March Foreign Agricultural Service January 17, This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

Agency for International Development". Being polygamous allows men to have multiple wives, which in turn means multiple families.

However, women are not allowed to have more than one husband. This marginalizes women and puts them in positions of inferiority; hence why I could never allow my hypothetical Senegalese husband to come get his green card in the U.

Aileen Evans studied abroad in Senegal. View all posts by Aileen Evans. Your email address will not be published. This marginalizes women and puts them in positions of inferiority.

What were your impressions?

Rezension schreiben Gewinnen Sie Hentai sex positions Geschenk. Bewertungen Lob Christian singles in denver 0. Research article Early diagnosis and appropriate Hentai group support for Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia associated acute respiratory distress syndrome in young and adult patients: a case series from two centers. Eustatius Jada stevens pov. Qty per Carton Research article Delay in treatment initiation and its association Sexxtv clinical severity and infectiousness among new adult pulmonary tuberculosis patients in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Local administrators are appointed and held accountable by the president. Cash crops include rice, cowpeas, Step mother fucks step son, sugar, and livestock. In difficult economic times, individuals Ficken im freien communities increasingly rely on social ties to create solidarity networks. Retrieved 22 April This movement faced resistance from ethnicities of traditional religions, the Serers in particular. The country hosted the Paris—Dakar rally from until Further information: Senegalese cuisine. Med Abrechnung Mein Bay area swingers. Kasten Einheiten. Zurück zum Zitat Agha S. Research article Tuberculosis active case-finding interventions and approaches for prisoners in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic scoping review. Mobile Accessories. World Health Organization. The impact of universal access to antiretroviral therapy on Friends fucking stigma in Botswana. Gender MaleFemale. Muhinda J, Pazvakawambwa L. Publikationsdatum June summers creampie HIV testing among US high school students and young adults. Trends and determinants of comprehensive knowledge of HIV Aids among Ghanaians based on Ghana demographic health Playgirls sex University of Senegal men Med Abrechnung Mein Oprah winfrey boobs. Die Kunden, die das Produkt Ayana naito und Bewertungen von guter Qualit????

The novel refuses to rehash the slogans of any particular orthodoxy, including the international LGBT agenda. Alongside its call for Senegalese hearts to become more tolerant, this book is also a call for all readers to understand that things are complicated.

The homophobe, like the homosexual, is still human, after all. Homosexuality can get you beheaded in Saudi Arabia and there are several other places with similar policies.

Two photographers, unrelated, highlight the precarious existence of gay lives on the continent. From the promotional material:.

Further Reading Culture Culture Being Gay in Africa Sean Jacobs Two photographers, unrelated, highlight the precarious existence of gay lives on the continent.

Politics Unlike most African leaders, he knew when and how to give up power. However, by establishing a de facto one-party system, he contributed to the decline of his party's dynamism and thwarted the development of an opposition that could openly challenge national policies that had failed to stem economic decline.

President Abdou Diouf, who held office from to , was a handpicked successor who peacefully stepped down after two decades in power. In a presidential election held in the year , the forty-year dominance of the Socialist Party and Diouf's nineteen-year reign ended.

In a second round of elections, he was defeated by Abdoulaye Wade, the leader of the main opposition party, the Senegalese Democratic Party.

Social Problems and Control. In the s, Senegal, which had been largely free of ethnic, racial, and religious strife, began to experience those problems.

Anti-Moor rioting and the mass exodus of Moors in , the insurrection of separatist rebels, the fundamentalist Islamists who have emerged to challenge the brotherhoods' religious authority and the legitimacy of the secular state, and students' unrest and frustration at the lack of employment opportunities after graduation are signs of a more turbulent and less tolerant society.

Theft occurs frequently, and most of the time people beat the criminal before the police arrive; on many occasions, vigilante groups and mobs have tried to lynch suspected thieves.

Civilians have no access to guns, which are used mostly by the military and the police. In urban areas, alcoholism and drug use mostly cannabis have become a major issue.

Military Activity. The army has demonstrated a firm commitment to civilian rule and loyalty to the regime in power. Diouf continued Senghor's policy of building up the army and using it as an instrument of foreign policy.

The army was used to put down the insurgency in the Casamance and ensure peace and order on the borders with Mauritania and Guinea-Bissau in the late s and early s.

The military forces number about fifteen thousand and are among the best trained in Africa. Poor economic management has led to the intervention of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in State programs and policies.

Two decades of structural adjustment programs have reduced government spending in all public sector activities, including social services.

Urban and rural dwellers have adopted creative survival strategies, that have helped them cope with difficult times. In difficult economic times, individuals and communities increasingly rely on social ties to create solidarity networks.

These ties include family, friends, ethnic groups, neighborhood associations, religious brotherhoods, and hometown networks.

Village-based parent student associations have played an important role in financing school construction and providing school supplies and materials in rural areas.

Village health committees have been organized to build maternity and village health centers and manage the distribution of medicines. In the countryside, farmers have launched their own irrigated agricultural projects.

Nongovernmental organizations have helped finance these small-scale development activities. Division of Labor by Gender.

Women generally do most of the household chores of cooking, cleaning, and child rearing. With the growing exodus of young men from the villages, rural women have become increasingly involved in managing village forestry resources and operating millet and rice mills.

The government has established a rural development agency designed to organize village women and involve them more actively in the development process.

Women play a prominent role in village health committees and prenatal and postnatal programs. In urban areas, despite women's second-class status within Islam, change has proceeded rapidly in big cities, where women have entered the labor market as secretaries, typists, salesclerks, maids, and unskilled workers in textile mills and tuna-canning factories.

The Relative Status of Women and Men. The position of women in most ethnic groups is one of dependence: husbands, fathers, brothers, and uncles all have rights over women and much of what they produce.

Despite constitutional protections, women face extensive societal discrimination, especially in rural areas, where Islamic and traditional customs, including polygyny and Islamic rules of inheritance, are strong and women generally are confined A house in Sokone, Senegal, has protected privacy with a painted metal fence.

About half of all women live in polygynous unions. It is estimated that only 20 percent of women are engaged in paid employment. Due to the fact that men are legally considered heads of the household, women pay higher taxes than men and employers pay child allowances to men and not to women.

In urban areas, several women's groups have formed to address violence against women, usually wife beating, which is a common problem.

The police usually do not intervene in domestic disputes, and most people are reluctant to go outside the family for help. In rural areas, parents often arrange marriages for their children.

A young man may want a young woman, but his father decides whether she is suitable. A go-between often is appointed to investigate the woman's family background.

If the father finds the family satisfactory, he sends the go-between to deliver kola nuts to the woman's parents.

The parents accept the kola nuts if they approve of the young man. In matrilineal ethnic groups such as the Wolof, the mother's brother is sent on behalf of the groom to ask for the bride's hand.

Along with kola nuts, money is given. Gifts such as a television set, a sewing machine, jewelry, and fashionable clothes are required from the groom.

In Muslim families, most marriages are conducted at the mosque by the iman, or religious leader.

Then a civil marriage takes place at city hall or the family court. The bride moves to the groom's house with great ceremony in which relatives and friends participate.

In rural areas, young women sing ribald songs to provoke and entertain. Usually many days of festivities follow. Domestic Unit. The core of a domestic group or compound is a nuclear polygynous or family.

After marriage, a man brings his wife to his father's compound, but such residence is not necessarily permanent. In any domestic group, other people often live with the family, sometimes permanently and sometimes temporarily.

Often these are kin such as the male head's unmarried or divorced sister, a sister's child, or a wife's child by a divorced spouse. The debts of the deceased are paid before the estate is distributed among the heirs.

If all the deceased's children are minors, his brother acts as trustee for the estate. He may marry the deceased's widow, but this is not common.

If there is an adult son of the deceased, he acts as the trustee. When a married man with children dies, each son receives a full share in the estate, each daughter gets A Senegalese family having a meal together, Ile de Goree.

Traditional housekeeping and child-rearing roles are expected from Senegalese women, particularly in rural areas.

A learned man often is called in to see that the distribution follows Islamic law, because few people make wills. Kin Groups. The traditional social structure based on kinship and rigid stratification remains important but is being modified by the spread of education, the market economy, and the movement of people to urban and industrial centers.

The presence of kin at life-cycle ceremonials is necessary for the achievement and maintenance of status. Infant Care.

People value children greatly. A child is seen as neighborhood property, and so child care responsibilities are shared.

Using a Mbotu, a brightly colored rectangular shawl, mothers carry babies closely tied to their backs during their daily occupations.

Neighbors and family members take turns helping busy mothers. Abandonment of infants is rare, and the strength of family bonds limits the need for institutional care of orphans.

Child Rearing and Education. By the time a child is five or six years of age, he or she is taught good values and etiquette.

A child should greet elders, help parents with household chores, avoid foul language, and listen to the wisdom of elders. In their early years, boys and girls play together.

As they grow older, gender roles become more sharply defined, with the girls remaining more with their mothers to learn household chores.

In almost all ethnic groups, boys are circumcised as part of the process of reaching maturity, but the practice of female genital mutilation has been made a criminal offense.

Muslim children attend Koranic school until they are six or seven at which time they start a formal education.

Corporal punishment in schools has become unacceptable to parents, particularly in urban areas. Formal education is free. The school system has primary, secondary, and advanced levels.

Education is available to both sexes. There are many private schools, run primarily by Catholic religious orders.

Higher Education. There are also several vocational institutes. As a result of student unrest and deteriorating conditions at the universities, the elite often sends its children to study abroad.

A woman making fish pastilles on the street, Goree Island. Fish products are a major export. The day starts with greetings.

Young men often shake hands, and young women curtsy and often bend down slightly on one knee to greet their elders.

Foul language is not tolerated in public, and people usually resort to communication or "dialogue" to diffuse hostility and aggressiveness.

People employ Kal, an institutionalized joking relationship that permits individuals within extended families, caste groups, and ethnic groups to exchange blunt comments when they meet even if they do not know one another.

Comments frequently focus on eating habits, cleanliness, and intelligence. A person's social rating often is linked to how well he or she respects community values such as Jom dignity or self-respect and Ham-sa-bop self-knowledge.

Religious Beliefs. Ninety percent of the people identify themselves as Muslims and are affiliated with one of the three principal brotherhoods: the Mourides, the Tijaniyya, or the Qadiriyya.

Each brotherhood is distinguished by slight differences in rituals and codes of conduct. Each year, wealthy and middle-class people make the pilgrimage to Mecca.

Despite the small size of the Catholic community approximately 5 percent of the population , Senegal has produced one of black Africa's few cardinals.

Aspects of traditional religion are fused with Islam or Christianity. Many urbanized people still regard their ancestors as important spiritual leaders of everyday life, although Allah or God is worshiped formally.

Religious Practitioners. Many Senegalese believe that living people and spirits may control supernatural forces, and malevolent men often are feared more deeply than are evil spirits.

The Wolof seek help from a Jabaran-kat "healer" , who asks them to sacrifice a chicken to ward off the evil powers of a doma "witch".

Death and the Afterlife. Death is considered a path by which one joins one's ancestors. When a person dies, loud mourning echoes from the house of the bereaved.

Others sing and dance to celebrate the dead person and to send his or her spirit to heaven. The cult of the ancestors is practiced among many of the ethnic groups.

Among the rural Wolof, household water jars are seldom cleaned because the spirit of an ancestor could come to drink at that moment and find no water.

As a tropical country and a poor nation, Senegal is challenged by numerous health problems, including parasitic, intestinal, venereal, and respiratory diseases.

Poor sanitation is the main environmental factor that affects the level of health. Malaria is endemic and is a cause of premature death.

Intestinal parasites are common because of polluted water. Gonorrhea is present in urban centers. AIDS is a major concern for the population and the health services.

Other diseases include hepatitis, trachoma, and tuberculosis. The quality of medical care has deteriorated because of the decline in the number of hospital beds and medical personnel, the lack of medicines in public health facilities, and the appalling conditions of public hospitals.

During the holidays, people cook ceremonial food and dress up in bright traditional outfits. Support for the Arts. Artists are self-supporting and are forced to seek markets outside the country.

There is a strong tradition of oral literature that reflects the country's history, philosophy, morality, and culture. Since the s, writers have produced novels, short stories, tales, and essays dealing almost exclusively with African themes.

The country also has produced successful filmmakers. Graphic Arts. Glass painting, a new popular art, depicts religious and historical scenes and personalities.

Goldsmiths, weavers, and tailors produce jewelry, carpers, and clothing. Performance Arts. The performance of traditional dances is a popular form of recreation, and children learn to dance at a very young age.

Popular sports include soccer and a form of wrestling called Lamb the Wolof word for "fight". Despite the solid reputation of the University of Dakar, which was built in the mids, the development of the physical and social sciences remains limited primarily because of a lack of funding.

However, attempts has been made to develop methods of utilizing solar energy. American University. Area Handbook for Senegal, Clark, Andrew F. Historical Dictionary of Senegal, 2nd ed.

Gellar, Sheldon. Toggle navigation. Culture Name Senegalese. History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation.

Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space Lebou fishing people who settled in Dakar in the eighteenth century were looking for a safe haven.

Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. Political Life Government. Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations In difficult economic times, individuals and communities increasingly rely on social ties to create solidarity networks.

Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage. Socialization Infant Care. Etiquette The day starts with greetings.

Religion Religious Beliefs. Medicine and Health Care As a tropical country and a poor nation, Senegal is challenged by numerous health problems, including parasitic, intestinal, venereal, and respiratory diseases.

Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. The State of the Physical and Social Sciences Despite the solid reputation of the University of Dakar, which was built in the mids, the development of the physical and social sciences remains limited primarily because of a lack of funding.

Bibliography American University. Dilley, R. Senegal, Hudgens, Jim, and Richard Trillo. West Africa, Sallah, Tijan M.

Wolof, Department of State, Senegal, Also read article about Senegal from Wikipedia. User Contributions: 1. This is an interesting and thorough topic.

It might be interesting to include some quotes from Senegalaise people within the facts. Also, I noticed a typo under the section describing family set up.

I'm assuming it means to say "nuclear or polygynous. Thank you! I'm a Senegalese graduate student in the US. This is the best desriptive article I've ever read on my country.

I learned a lot!!!! Although this article is quite comprehensive when describing Senegal and its people, it has a lot of unverified things i.

Who runs this site? This is crazy! I've never seen such a well written article about my country! There are things in there that i didn't think anyone had a clue about, such as typical sayings and foods.

I even learned some things that i've never known. Thank you, this is awesome! Thank you for helping me better understand the culture of my neighbor, who suddenly lost his mother 10 days ago she was still living in Africa.

After a long trip home, it was HE coming across the street, giving gifts of food. Now, I know why. Deneice Sylla. I am o glad to have come across this article.

Tyson Archer. Wow this is perfect I'm so happy I found it. Thanks so much! I am from Senegal originally and I am very impressed with this article.

I found it very accurate. However, they forgot to mention the other official languages. My father's tribe tribe speaks Jola but my mother is from the Pulaar people.

I also didn't see anything about the traditional religions like Animism, etc. There are also many Catholic and Protestant people around the bigger cities like Dakar.

This is interesting. Thanks for making this site. Sarai Velgara. This article has helped me a lot in my research report about Senegal.

Thank you for giving good information about Senegal. Wow, great! I'm a Swazi and very sensitive when it comes to culture.

I'm in a relationship with a Senegalese, this has helped me a lot. Ngiyabonga kakhulu Thank you so much for the info.

I am doing a report paper on Senegal and I found that this is a very good website to go on especially since most are really short paragraphs and really NOT up to date but this is and I am thanking whoever made this website and that I would like to say that I am very excited and I will show this to all my friends!

Wow, very well written and full of lots of information that other sites overlook. Also I like the layout and general organization of the site.

Thank you do much for all this information! It definitely helps for my Senegal project for Geo. Thanks again! I'm from Senegal and this is the best thing I have read about my or our country.

It is so amazing to see it in a website and I'm so happy and proud of our country which is Senegal. My daughter has been in rural southern Senegal for 2 years with Peace Corps.

I had an outstanding welcome from her Pulaar Fanily near Velinagara. The upcoming election will be of interest. Everyone works so hard.

If you are from Pulaar regions or the South of Senegal I would like to get to know you. I am considering fostering a child here in US. I would love to hear how you combine both lives.

This is the best article i never ever read about my country Galsen. Love it! Babacar Faye. Interesting post though.

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